The warmest month is July with an average maximum temperature of 22°C (71°F). Rain may fall as snow in this month. https://www.timeanddate.com/weather/antarctica/south-pole/climate The temperature at the South Pole station consists of 6 months when it is fairly stable from April to September. The last month of the summer, February, is another freezing cold month in McMurdo, Antarctica, with temperature in the range of an average high of -6.3°C (20.7°F) and an average low of -11.6°C (11.1°F).In McMurdo, the average high-temperature decreases, from -0.2°C (31.6°F) in January, to a still subzero cold -6.3°C (20.7°F). The ice is estimated to be about 2,700 metres (9,000 ft) thick at the Pole, so the land surface under the ice sheet is actually near sea level.[2]. Monthly: 1981-2010 normals [21], The fastest unsupported journey to the Geographic South Pole from the ocean is 24 days and one hour from Hercules Inlet and was set in 2011 by Norwegian adventurer Christian Eide,[22] who beat the previous solo record set in 2009 by American Todd Carmichael of 39 days and seven hours, and the previous group record also set in 2009 of 33 days and 23 hours. The average wind is 12 knots, but winds have exceeded 100 knots. It is located some meters from the Geographic South Pole, and consists of a metallic sphere on a short barber pole, surrounded by the flags of the original Antarctic Treaty signatory states. Average Pressure Files for monthly values. It is the southernmost point on the surface of Earth and lies on the opposite side of Earth from the North Pole. August is the most wet month. The wind chill factor means that it can feel much colder. That is why we have seasons! And it’s got mountains. Okinawa climate summary The Okinawa lies on 69m above sea level Okinawa's climate is classified as warm and temperate. [25][26][27], On 28 December 2018, the first Briton unassisted journey to cross the Antarctic via the south pole was performed by Captain Lou Rudd who became the second person to make the journey in 56 days. For this reason, directions at the Pole are given relative to "grid north", which points northward along the prime meridian. Weather reports from January 2020 in South Pole, Antarctica with highs and lows Extreme and Average Wind Speeds for the South Pole. After this, there is a 3 month period where the temperature rises to a peak and then drops again. On the return trip, Scott and his four companions all died of starvation and extreme cold. The lowest temperature ever recorded at the South Pole was – 82.8°C on the 23 June 1982. Weather Atlas: Antarctica - Climate data and average monthly weather. This is because the US flies its resupply missions ("Operation Deep Freeze") out of McMurdo Station, which is supplied from Christchurch, New Zealand. It's not unusual to see speeds up to 100 mph, and the highest wind speed ever recorded on the continent was 199 mph! ", "Preliminary Report: Record Temperatures at South Pole (and nearby AWS sites…)", Your stay at Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station, "NASA-USGS Landsat 8 Satellite Pinpoints Coldest Spots on Earth", Initial environmental evaluation – development of blue-ice and compacted-snow runways, "Weather and Climate-The Climate of Amundsen–Scott", "Klimatafel von Amundsen - Scott / Südpol-Station (USA) / Antarktis", "Amundsen–Scott Climate Normals 1961−1990", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "There used to be fluffy dinosaurs at the South Pole", Historic Sites and Monuments in Antarctica, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=South_Pole&oldid=991532670, Historic Sites and Monuments of Antarctica, Articles with dead external links from May 2013, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2016, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net (temperatures, 1981–2010, extremes 1957–present), Listen to Ernest Shackleton describing his 1908, The recording describing Shackleton's 1908 South Pole Expedition was added to the, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 15:36. Spatial distribution of monthly surface air temperature deviation south of 60 o S in relation to the average for the period 1998-2006. -16° July is on average the WARMEST month. When it is permanently dark, the temperature is very stable. The coldest month is January with an average maximum temperature of -18°C (0°F). Use this monthly calendar to view weather averages, such as average temperature 14 days ahead of today, as well as the historical weather patterns over the past year. Average Monthly Change in Snowstake field 0.94 inches Extreme and Average Temperatures for the South Pole. In the summer (September–March), the sun is continuously above the horizon and appears to move in a counter-clockwise circle. But the South Pole is a lot colder than the North Pole. 1988 (1). Why? North Pole is a city with a significant rainfall. [4], The Ceremonial South Pole is an area set aside for photo opportunities at the South Pole Station. The ocean under the Arctic ice is cold, but still warmer than the ice! Mean annual temperature at the South Pole is –49.5 °C (–57.1 °F).[38]. During the southern winter (March–September), the South Pole receives no sunlight at all, and from 11 May to 1 August, between extended periods of twilight, it is completely dark (apart from moonlight). On 30 December 1989, Arved Fuchs and Reinhold Messner were the first to traverse Antarctica via the South Pole without animal or motorized help, using only skis and the help of wind. Antarctica weather information including average monthly temperatures (°F) and rainfall (inches) for select locations. The two expeditions started from Hercules Inlet a day apart, with Gamme starting first, but completing according to plan the last few kilometres together. Due to its exceptionally harsh climate, there are no native resident plants or animals at the South Pole. The climate guide for Amundsen-Scott (South Pole), Antarctica shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Extreme and Average Wind Speeds for the South Pole. At the South Pole, the highest temperature ever recorded was −12.3 °C (9.9 °F) on 25 December 2011. Antarctica is dry—and high. By comparison, the South Pole, due to its lower elevation, is, on average, 5 to 10 °C (9 to 18 °F) warmer than Vostok, and the lowest temperature ever recorded at the South Pole is −82.8 °C (−117 °F). The normal high temperature for December at the South Pole is -15.7°F (-26.5°C). Both the Arctic (North Pole) and the Antarctic (South Pole) are cold because they don’t get any direct sunlight. Subsequent to the establishment, in 1987, of the logistic support base at Patriot Hills Base Camp, the South Pole became more accessible to non-government expeditions. Antarctica is considered as a desert since the precipitation is very low. The highest monthly average temperature in North Pole for July is 68 degrees; The lowest monthly average temperature in North Pole for January is -8 degrees; The most monthly precipitation in North Pole occurs in July with 4.7 inches; The air quality index in North Pole is 24% better than the national average The average temperature in Usa is 15.0 °C | 59.1 °F. So, different parts of Earth get the Sun's direct rays throughout the year. Amundsen named his camp Polheim and the entire plateau surrounding the Pole King Haakon VII Vidde in honour of King Haakon VII of Norway. The warm season lasts for 2.5 months, from November 21 to February 7, with an average daily high temperature above 24°F.The hottest day of the year is January 5, with an average high of 33°F and low of 25°F.. Scott, accompanied by Ernest Shackleton and Edward Wilson, set out with the aim of travelling as far south as possible, and on 31 December 1902, reached 82°16′ S.[15] Shackleton later returned to Antarctica as leader of the British Antarctic Expedition (Nimrod Expedition) in a bid to reach the Pole. The coldest month is January with an average maximum temperature of -18°C (0°F). [17] In 1978-79 Michele Eileen Raney became the first woman to winter at the South Pole.[18]. The North Pole always points in the same direction during Earth's year-long journey around the Sun. Robert Falcon Scott returned to Antarctica with his second expedition, the Terra Nova Expedition, initially unaware of Amundsen's secretive expedition. For other uses, see, Southern point where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects its surface, First Argentine Overland Polar Expedition, "Sign at the (ever moving) actual geographical South Pole (a few feet away from the Ceremonial Pole)", "List of Historic Sites and Monuments approved by the ATCM (2012)", "Breaking news: Christian Eide bags the South Pole solo speed ski world record", "Canadians break speed record trekking to South Pole", "Capt Lou Rudd is first Briton to cross Antarctic unaided", "Woman is youngest to ski solo to South Pole", "The USAP Portal: Science and Support in Antarctica - Course Material", "Why is the South Pole colder than the North Pole? In midwinter, the average temperature remains steady at around −60 °C (−76 °F). January is on average the COOLEST month. Usa climate summary The Usa lies on 120m above sea level The climate in Usa is warm and temperate. [19][20] Two women, Victoria E. Murden and Shirley Metz reached the pole by land on 17 January 1989. Both the Arctic (North Pole) and the Antarctic (South Pole) are cold because they don’t get any direct sunlight. Monthly averages Moses Lake Longitude: -119.278, Latitude: 47.1301 Average weather Moses Lake, - 98837. Table of annual average and extreme temperatures for the Amundsen-Scott South Pole site. The emperor penguin is one of a few species that can survive the harsh cold of Antarctica. (He was unsuccessful. The Geographic South Pole is presently located on the continent of Antarctica, although this has not been the case for all of Earth's history because of continental drift. The climate profile is taken from closest available data source to North Pole. The climate guide for Amundsen-Scott (South Pole), Antarctica shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Loading weather data. The warm season lasts for 2.5 months, from November 21 to February 7, with an average daily high temperature above 24°F. [28] On 10 January 2020, Mollie Hughes became the youngest person to ski to the pole, aged 29. In the summer (September–March), the sun is continuously above the horizon and appears to move in a counter-clockwise circle. North Pole, Alaska, United States of America - Monthly weather averages including average high and low Temperature, Precipitation, Pressure, Wind Charts to assist you in planning your travel, holiday or an outdoor activity at North Pole, United States of America As punishing as those temperatures may be, though, the North Pole actually has nothing on its southern counterpart at the other end of the globe. These are the three areas that are most requested. [43] Scientists published in the journal Gondwana Research that evidence had been found of dinosaurs with feathers to protect the animals from the extreme cold. Much of the sunlight that does reach the surface is reflected b… The temperatures are state-wide averages calculated from data collected by weather stations throughout each state during the years 1971 to 2000 and made available by the NOAA National Climatic Data Center of the United States. The lowest South Pole temperature is from June 23, 1982: -82.8°C (-1… Off-course south polar skuas and snow petrels are occasionally seen there. However, Earth's axis of rotation is actually subject to very small "wobbles" (polar motion), so this definition is not adequate for very precise work. Most of Antarctica is a high, flat plateau of ice covered in snow throughout the year. As the six-month "day" wears on and the sun gets lower, temperatures drop as well: they reach −45 °C (−49 … Throughout the month of November daytime temperatures will generally reach highs of around -12°C that's about 10°F. The highest temperature ever recorded at the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station was −12.3 °C (9.9 °F) on Christmas Day, 2011,[33] and the lowest was −82.8 °C (−117.0 °F) on 23 June 1982[34][35][36] (for comparison, the lowest temperature directly recorded anywhere on earth was −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F) at Vostok Station on 21 July 1983, though −93.2 °C (−135.8 °F) was measured indirectly by satellite in East Antarctica between Dome A and Dome F in August 2010[37]). The lowest recorded Antarctic temperature was taken at Vostok Station in July 1983: -89.2°C (-128.6°F). More recent buildings are raised on stilts so that the snow does not build up against their sides. The first men to reach the Geographic South Pole were the Norwegian Roald Amundsen and his party on 14 December 1911. However, the South Pole is a lot colder than the North Pole. Coordinates: 90°S 0°E / 90°S 0°E / -90; 0. It was not until 31 October 1956 that humans once again set foot at the South Pole, when a party led by Admiral George J. Dufek of the US Navy landed there in an R4D-5L Skytrain (C-47 Skytrain) aircraft. The average elevation of Antarctica is about 7,500 feet (2.3 km). Station Data. This corresponds to light and dark. The lowest recorded temperature is -83 °C (-117 °F), while the highest is -12 °C (10 °F). The cold season lasts for 5.3 months, from April 17 to September 27, with an average daily high temperature below -1°F. It's not unusual to see speeds up to 100 mph, and the highest wind speed ever recorded on the continent was 199 mph! The coldest temperature recorded in Antarctica was -89.6°C at Vostok station in 1983. [38] The former dome seen in pictures of the Amundsen–Scott station is partially buried due to snow storms, and the entrance to the dome had to be regularly bulldozed to uncover it. August is the most wet month. In Antarctica, the average annual temperature ranges from -76 degrees Fahrenheit at the most elevated parts of the interior to 14 degrees along the … All the maps use the same color scale, ranging from dark blue for the coldest temperatures to dark red for the hottest. Seasons in the Antarctic Peninsula. Call Us 1-888-268-9753 Middle of summer (January) is the warmest time with averages of 1 to 2 °C (34-36 °C) and in June temperature drops to about -15…-20 °C (+5…-4 °F). [122800] Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. With an average winter temperature of -79° F, the South Pole is a great deal colder than the North Pole. The average wind speed is 10.8 knots. [44], This article is about the Geographic South Pole. [11] The first landing was probably just over a year later when American captain John Davis, a sealer, set foot on the ice. North Pole, USA: Annual Weather Averages. This location is classified as Cfa by Köppen and Geiger. There have been many subsequent expeditions to arrive at the South Pole by surface transportation, including those by Havola, Crary and Fiennes. Based on preliminary analysis, the average annual temperature for the contiguous U.S. was 52.7°F, 0.7°F above the 20 th century average. Antarctica weather information including average monthly temperatures (°F) and rainfall (inches) for select locations. This ranked in the warmest third of the 125-year record and was the coldest year since 2014. So the ocean warms the air a bit. The annual range of monthly mean temperatures depends on location. [42], In 2000 it was reported that microbes had been detected living in the South Pole ice. Situated on the continent of Antarctica, it is the site of the United States Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station, which was established in 1956 and has been permanently staffed since that year. South Pole, Antarctica - Travel and vacation weather averages, current conditions and forecasts. Although that's the average, the air can—and does—move a whole lot quicker. At an elevation of 2,835 meters (9,300 feet), South Pole Station has an average monthly temperature in the austral summer of -28°C (-18°F), and -60°C (-76°F) in the austral winter. Average Pressure Files for monthly values. [10], In 1820, several expeditions claimed to have been the first to have sighted Antarctica, with the first[clarification needed] being the Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev. . Antarctica sunrise & sunset times for November 2021. As Gamme traveled alone he thus simultaneously became the first to complete the task solo. The snow reflects the sun's solar radiation, and this combined with the altitude (an average of 14,000 feet above sea level) makes the interior of Antarctica the coldest place on Earth. The average temperature in Okinawa is 22.3 °C | 72.1 °F. At the Faraday station, at 63° S on the Peninsula coast, it is only 11 K, but it is larger inland. Credit: NOAA, The blue ice covering Lake Fryxell in the Transantarctic Mountains comes from melted glacier water. [32] The North Pole is a few feet from sea level in the middle of an ocean. [4] The sign records the respective dates that Roald Amundsen and Robert F. Scott reached the Pole, followed by a short quotation from each man, and gives the elevation as "9,301 FT.". In midsummer, as the sun reaches its maximum elevation of about 23.5 degrees, high temperatures at the South Pole in January average at −25.9 °C (−15 °F). With an average winter temperature of -79° F, the South Pole is a great deal colder than the North Pole. And the higher you go, the colder it gets. Most of Antarctica is a high, flat plateau of ice covered in snow throughout the year. Weather Atlas: Antarctica - Climate data and average monthly weather. Get the monthly weather forecast for Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica, Antarctica, including daily high/low, historical averages, to help you plan ahead. Antarctica - Antarctica - Climate: The unique weather and climate of Antarctica provide the basis for its familiar appellations—Home of the Blizzard and White Desert. She started on 19 November 2006 and finished on 28 December 2006. The lowest South Pole temperature is from June 23, 1982: -82.8°C (-1… Daily high temperatures decrease by 5°F, from 33°F to 28°F, rarely falling below 22°F or exceeding 38°F. For most purposes, the Geographic South Pole is defined as the southern point of the two points where Earth's axis of rotation intersects its surface (the other being the Geographic North Pole). This 3-D topographical view of Antarctica gives an idea of its high elevations and mountains. The Geographic South Pole is marked by a stake in the ice alongside a small sign; these are repositioned each year in a ceremony on New Year's Day to compensate for the movement of the ice. North Pole climate summary The North Pole lies on 148m above sea level In North Pole, the climate is cold and temperate. When it is permanently dark, the temperature is very stable. Even though the North Pole and South Pole are “polar opposites,” they both get the same amount of sunlight. Weather reports from January 2020 in South Pole, Antarctica with highs and lows On 9 January 1909, with three companions, he reached 88°23' S – 112 miles (180 km) from the Pole – before being forced to turn back.[16]. The hottest day of the year is January 5, with an average high of 33°F and low of 25°F. The is a great deal of rainfall in Okinawa, even in the driest month. In midsummer, as the sun reaches its maximum elevation of about 23.5 degrees, high temperatures at the South Pole in January average at −25.9 °C (−15 °F). Antarctica - Climate data - Climate information and average monthly temperature, humidity, rainfall, snowfall, daylight, sunshine, UV index, and sea temperature for all cities and towns. Antarctica - Antarctica - Climate: The unique weather and climate of Antarctica provide the basis for its familiar appellations—Home of the Blizzard and White Desert. The South Pole is at the centre of the Southern Hemisphere. [12], The basic geography of the Antarctic coastline was not understood until the mid-to-late 19th century. Well, the Poles are polar opposites in other ways too. Climate of the Antarctic Peninsula is the mildest on the continent. This is true even for the driest month. [5][6] A new marker stake is designed and fabricated each year by staff at the site. The average wind speed is 10.8 knots. The Arctic is ocean surrounded by land. The wettest month is May with an average of 3mm of rain. Please wait… Temperature. [7], The tent was erected by the Norwegian expedition led by Roald Amundsen on its arrival on 14 December 1911. In 1914 Ernest Shackleton's Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition set out with the goal of crossing Antarctica via the South Pole, but his ship, the Endurance, was frozen in pack ice and sank 11 months later. The climate here is classified as Dfb by the Köppen-Geiger system. The average temperature of Antarctica is about -49 degrees Celsius or about -56.2 Fahrenheit. [9], A flagpole erected at the South Geographical Pole in December 1965 by the First Argentine Overland Polar Expedition has been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 1) following a proposal by Argentina to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting. By Paul Homewood Back in 2012, a paper was published, analysing 54 years of climate data from the Amundsen-Scott Research Station at the South Pole. -16° July is on average the WARMEST month. Air humidity is near zero. The lowest recorded Antarctic temperature was taken at Vostok Station in July 1983: -89.2°C (-128.6°F). Credit: Joe Mastroianni, National Science Foundation, Climate Kids is produced by the Earth Science Communications Team at, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory / California Institute of Technology. The South Pole, also known as the Geographic South Pole or Terrestrial South Pole, is one of the two points where Earth's axis of rotation intersects its surface. Find out more about our data sources. This line of reasoning fails at the South Pole, where the sun rises and sets only once per year, and all lines of longitude, and hence all time zones, converge. [23], The fastest solo (female), unsupported and unassisted trek to the south pole was performed by Hannah McKeand from the UK in 2006. With temperature records for the South Pole dating back only about 60 years, the region’s climate is little understood. The South Pole is at an altitude of 9,300 feet (2,800 m) but feels like 11,000 feet (3,400 m). There is no a priori reason for placing the South Pole in any particular time zone, but as a matter of practical convenience the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station keeps New Zealand Time (UTC+12/UTC+13). After this, there is a 3 month period where the temperature rises to a peak and then drops again. January is on average the COOLEST month. As the six-month "day" wears on and the sun gets lower, temperatures drop as well: they reach −45 °C (−49 °F) around sunset (late March) and sunrise (late September). It has been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 80), following a proposal by Norway to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting. However, it is always low in the sky, reaching a maximum of 23.5° in December, thanks to the 23.5° tilt of the earth's axis. Monthly average temperature deviation in the United Kingdom 2015-2020 Average minimum and maximum temperatures in Australia 2015, by state Monthly average number of … In Antarctica, the average annual temperature ranges from -76 degrees Fahrenheit at the most elevated parts of the interior to 14 degrees along the … Interestingly, the South Pole's high elevation means it doesn't get particularly high winds itself—the average wind speed there is only 12 mph. The average temperature of Antarctica is about -49 degrees Celsius or about -56.2 Fahrenheit. Antarctica - Climate data - Climate information and average monthly temperature, humidity, rainfall, snowfall, daylight, sunshine, UV index, and sea temperature for all cities and towns. Your home freezer is only about -15°C. Earth's axis of rotation is tilted. Call Us 1-888-268-9753 Boutique Travel Experts Providing Personalized Vacation Experiences Since 2002. Dear Tom,What is the average date of the last 70-degree temperature of the year at Chicago?Hattie Milander, Oak BrookDear Hattie,In 92 years of temperature … It sits atop a featureless, barren, windswept and icy plateau at an altitude of 2,835 metres (9,301 ft) above sea level, and is located about 1,300 km (800 mi) from the nearest open sea at Bay of Whales. The Antarctic is land surrounded by ocean. Western coasts are warmest with 3 to 4 months with positive (above 32 °F) temperature and winter averages around -10 °C (14 °F). [122800] Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. The South Pole has an ice cap climate (Köppen climate classification EF). The coldest temperature recorded in Antarctica was -89.6°C at Vostok station in 1983. 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