4. Climate Change Effect on Crop and Animal Production: As temperature increases and rainfall pattern becomes more unpredictable, crop yields are expected to drop significantly. Furthermore, African countries are particularly vulnerable to climate change because of their dependency on rain fed agriculture, high levels of poverty, low levels of human and physical capital, inequitable land distribution and poor infrastructure. Climate change in Africa is an increasingly serious threat for Africans as Africa is among the most vulnerable continents to climate change. Despite all these caveats, climate change clearly can play a part in fostering conflict. unfccc climate change: impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation in developing countries i. introduction 5 ii. * Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry in the United States is a net sink and offsets approximately 12 percent of these greenhouse gas emissions, this emissions offset is not included in total above. Though they had always coped with these changes, future climate changes will likely be so extreme that it may be difficult for them to cope with. Competition for farmland has long been a flash point in parts of Africa, but with climate change putting more pressure on resources, it now threatens to become a major source of instability. In Nigeria the effects of climate change is expected not to stop at just effecting the crops and plants (i.e. Climate Change and Fishery in Nigeria: Fish farming and the associated processes are becoming an important source of revenue and employment in Nigeria. Environment chief Erik Solheim urged countries to help Africa build a more sustainable future, suggesting that solar plants in the Sahel might “help green and uplift the area.” The agency has funded water-management projects in Sudan, where more than 2 million people have been displaced, partly as a result of depleted resources. Where institutions and governments are unable to manage the stress or absorb the shocks of a changing climate, threats to the stability of states and societies will only increase. The main cause is the demand for wood fuel. The flares have apparently contributed more greenhouse gases hence climate change in the country. Here’s How Climate Change Is Making It Worse. Required fields are marked *. 2. The urgent need to address climate change has become even clearer with the release of a major report in October 2018 by the world’s leading scientific body for the assessment of climate change, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Although depending on location, regions experience climate change with significant higher temperatures during the dry seasons while rainfalls during rainy seasons help USAID staff and other development practitioners may find this information useful for climate risk management and for considering the linkages between climate change and development. 3. Burning coal, oil and gas produces carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide. Climate change is increasingly becoming a serious challenge to Nigeria's socioeconomic development. The competition for usable land will only get more intense. It will also affect the revenue sustenance of those who work or trade on fishery resources. Millions more have been displaced, with many joining the flow of migrants to southern Europe. It strikes at the very heart of the sustainability of our life, and is compounding human efforts to attain sustainable development. The impacts of climate change will surely be felt in almost all the geographical location as well as sectors of the nation’s development. Man’s activities which cause emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) increase global warming. from climate extreme events. As a result of the drying up of village or communities’ forest which the dwellers depend on for firewood, they resort to the depletion of forest reserve as a means of getting wood fuel. nigeria’s national action plan (nap) to reduce short-lived climate pollutants (slcps) In Nigeria, thirty years ago, the people relied on local herbs for treating illnesses, but now, they have to go to nearby fairly functional clinics for treatment especially because the herbs are no longer able to stop diseases. Coffins at a funeral service on May 22 for 17 worshippers and two priests who were allegedly killed by Fulani herdsmen in central Benue State, Nigeria; the region has suffered a wave of deadly unrest. Desertification, in which fertile land becomes barren desert, now affects as much as 60% of Nigeria’s land, exacerbated by drought and climate change. Climate change, in particular, is currently one of the most critical issues facing mankind today. In addition, the Niger Delta may be the source of oil wealth but its low-lying terrain criss-crossed with water ways makes it extremely vulnerable to flooding. Your email address will not be published. Climate Change and Forestry in Nigeria: The forest reserves of the nation are not left out in the threat posed by climate change. In this article, we take a closer look at the causes and effects of climate change in Nigeria. billed to discuss the causes of climate and environmental changes and the need for environmental-friendly education policy in Nigeria through the following sub-headings. The South-South geopolitical zone is mainly affected by sea level rise and deforestation-induced changes; the Southwest zone also is affected by sea level rise and deforestation-induced changes; Southeast by erosion, flooding and land degradation; North-central by changes due to de-vegetation and overgrazing; Northeast by drought, desertification and heat stress; and Northwest also by drought an, desertification and heat stress. It is worthy to note that eleven out of the thirty-six states in the country are gradually being swallowed up by desert encroachment. Climate change is global in its causes but its consequences are far more reaching in developing countries particularly Nigeria whose biodiversity and ecosystems are already faced with other threats like habitat degradation, ecology-economics mismatch and escalating population growth. These are: Changes in earth’s environment as a result of human activity. Abstract. The net result of this process and the re-emission of long wave back to the earth’s surface increases the quantity of heat energy in the earth’s climatic system. This accounts for 20 percent of the world’s carbon emissions (more than the entire transport sector produces). Fishery resources are known to be highly sensitive to marine environmental changes. Worldwide, extreme weather is predicted to become more common and animals, plants and crops are all expected to be badly affected. Research Cyber Team hopes this article was helpful. The Sahel is warming 1.5 times faster than the global average, owing to greenhouse-gas emissions. Venice is sinking at a rate of 0.08 inches every year. Indeed, climate change is not a recent environmental phenomenon but its surge and impacts in recent times are alarming (Baba, 2011). Jakarta is sinking up to 6.7 inches per year due to excessive groundwater pumping. NIAMEY, April 3, 2013 – As a landlocked and essentially desert country, Niger is one of the countries of the world most severely threatened by food insecurity.El Hadj Adama Touré, a World Bank economist specializing in agronomy, explains how the country can better manage the climate … Total Emissions in 2018 = 6,677 Million Metric Tons of CO 2 equivalent.Percentages may not add up to 100% due to independent rounding. The change over time may be due to natural variability or human activity. As a result, cattle herders from northern Nigeria have been pushed farther and farther south to find land to graze livestock, causing friction with farmers settled in central states. Climate change will deepen poverty both directly and indirectly. Climate change in Nigeria is evident from temperature increase, rainfall variability, drought, desertification, rising sea levels, erosions, floods, thunderstorms, lightings, bush fires, landslides, land degradation, and loss of biodiversity. Cows and sheep produce large amounts of methane when they digest their food. Parts of New Orleans are sinking at a rate of 2 inches per year and could be underwater by 2100. The general environmental effects of climate change include; rise in sea level due to melting of ice caps; changes in dates of onset and end of the rainy season; reduced rainfall amounts in Northern Nigeria, and increased rainfall amounts in coastal areas of the country, leading to flooding. Pests and diseases migrate in response to climate changes and variations. Come to think of it, between 1983 and 1993 alone, Nigeria lost 20% of its forest and woodland areas. The Niger Delta region of Nigeria is reported to have over one hundred and twenty-three gas flaring sites making Nigeria one of the highest emitters of greenhouse gases in Africa. In Nigeria, the primary tropical forest cover has been decimated by 97% mostly since 1990. 2. All Rights Reserved. Through energy creating activities like heating homes and building, transportation and cooking food, traveling (for example, by car, plane, bus and train), treating water to make it drinkable, using power generating sets to generate electricity for our homes, gas flaring, bush burning etc people induce the emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Climate change is expected to induce health problems both directly and indirectly. At least 10,000 people have died in the resulting clashes since 2011, and many more have lost their homes. Moreover, extreme weather leads to drying up of streams which are sources of irrigation water used by farmers during dry season crop production. assessing the impacts of, and vulnerability and adaptation to, climate change 13 In Nigeria, there were an estimated 137,600 diarrhoeal deaths in children under 15 years old in the baseline period of 2008. As Nigeria’s population has spiraled to 191 million, and amid an ongoing conflict with Islamist insurgents, the competition for land has become fierce. However, the intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC) affirms that human activity is the main cause of the changes seen in climate. In Nigeria half of the 15 million population of Lagos lives less than six feet above sea level, including the wealthiest areas of Victoria Island and Lekki Penisula. Another factor … It is estimated that by 2100, Nigeria and other West African countries are likely to have agricultural loses of up to 4% of GDP due to climate change. Write to Ciara Nugent at ciara.nugent@time.com. Carbon dioxide is one of the more important gases responsible for the greenhouse effect (warming of the earth). Deforestation makes such a huge contribution to carbon emissions because trees absorb Co2 as they grow. There is need for the Nigerian government to develop policies to back up institutional efforts to combat threats of climate change. Resources listed below summarize existing information on climate change impacts, greenhouse gas emissions and USAID climate and development programs in Nigeria. In June, the U.N. It includes shifts in the frequency and magnitude of sporadic weather events as well as the slow continuous rise in global mean surface temperature. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. Climate change is one of many root causes of conflict around the world: it leads to food shortages, threatens people’s livelihoods, and displaces entire populations. On the side, livestock production systems in Nigeria would be vulnerable to climate change in respect of anticipated decrease in rainfall in the Sudan-sahelian zone and consequent reduction in the available pastureland. 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